Four years ago, Angela Aldrich stood on a stage in New York and told the world her newly minted hedge fund Bayberry Capital Partners was shorting a winemaker listed on the other side of the world, Treasury Wine Estates.
In Australia, investors were shocked. The company, Australia’s largest wine producer, had been on a three-year tear, jumping more than 300 per cent, and was showing little sign of slowing down.
Twelve months after Aldrich stepped off that stage at the Sohn Conference in Manhattan, Treasury Wines’ shares had tumbled 45 per cent.
“Our view wasn’t that TWE was a bad company or that they were doing something nefarious. It had been such a good stock for such a long period, but it started to look like cracks were showing,” Aldrich tells The Australian Financial Review.
“It was so beloved, but you were seeing some things on the balance sheets that didn’t necessarily jibe with what the market was thinking or what had been happening over the past few years.
That proved prescient after Treasury Wine Estate downgraded the earnings of its US business the following year, erasing more than $3 billion of market value. It would be the start of a difficult era for the company, worsened by harsh Chinese wine tariffs and the outbreak of COVID-19.
“At some point, everything that’s priced for perfection reaches a point where expectations get too far ahead of themselves,” Aldrich adds.
At the time of the hedge fund manager’s now infamous call on the wine producer, Bayberry Capital was barely a year old, having launched on April Fools’ Day in 2018.
But Aldrich was hardly new to the fund business, having already earned the nickname “Tiger grandcub” after apprenticing under hedge fund legend and famed “Tiger cub” investor John Griffin while at Blue Ridge Capital.
It was from Griffin, whom she worked with for six years, that Aldrich developed her love of betting against a stock. She joined Blue Ridge after stints with Scout Capital and BDT Capital, and at Goldman Sachs as an investment banking analyst after obtaining her MBA from the Stanford Graduate School of Business.
“I definitely caught the short-selling virus from John,” Aldrich says. “There is no cure. I am now that crazy person who is completely attached to the short side.
“John deeply loved the short side, and he just found it incredibly interesting. And he was obviously very good at it. He believed he could make money for investors on both sides of the portfolio, and I just thought that was so interesting.”
Griffin was president at Julian Robertson’s Tiger Management before forming Blue Ridge in 1996. The firm produced annualised returns of 15.4 per cent, consistently beating the benchmark S&P 500 Index across its two decades in operation.
It closed in 2017 and Aldrich launched Bayberry Capital a year later. While the thought of starting a hedge fund in the lead-up to a once-in-a-century pandemic may produce anxiety in some, Aldrich saw it as a stress test for her new venture.
“The past few years have been an entire lifetime of economic cycles. Seeing that type of disruption first-hand when you are managing your own portfolio was a totally different experience,” she says.
“I’m grateful that we got to see all of those things, and an ability to understand what happens to our portfolio in different economic situations.”
It was in that storm of volatility that Aldrich’s mentorship under Griffin really came to the fore.
“The most important lesson that I took from him, especially given what the last four years has been, is his true ability to watch volatility unemotionally,” Aldrich says.
“We need irrational moves in our shorts to get as much juice out of every position as possible. And so it’s been really great for us in this period, no matter which way the market has been moving.”
That doesn’t mean that it’s been painless, however.
One of the hedge fund’s first substantial long positions was Nasdaq-listed Willscot Mobile Mini Holdings, which dived more than 60 per cent from peak to trough during the early months of the pandemic.
“That was a huge use of capital and this wasn’t too long after we launched the fund,” she laments.
But while everything was selling off, the fund, which typically holds around 15 longs and 40 shorts, was buying up companies on the cheap, including online car auction company Copart.
“[It] had been on my fantasy list since I was a junior analyst and had [been] sold off like it was a travel business. Despite that, they actually ended up over-earning during the COVID period”, she says.
Meanwhile, on the other side of the portfolio, Aldrich leant into the short side of the business as the market recovered.
“The subsequent rebound was so violent that we got the opportunity to play existing shorts again, shorts that we’d already covered; we got a second and a third chance.”
More recently, Bayberry made what many would consider a high-stakes bet on UK-listed Burford Capital, a legal finance outfit that had plummeted when a pending court case in Argentina worried the market.
“You’re seeing a market that is very quick to pull the sell trigger,” Aldrich says. “They had this huge outstanding piece of litigation related to about 50 per cent of their stated book value when we started looking at the stock – people thought we were insane.
“You just needed this overhang to go away and people would start buying the stock again. The cherry on top was we thought that overhang was going to go in their favour, and that finally started happening in 2023.”
After winning the case, Burford Capital’s stock recovered rapidly and is now up more than 80 per cent year to date, making it the hedge fund’s best contributor so far this year.
The Burford case mimics a lot of the companies that Bayberry picks up. Aldrich, who spends much of her free time volunteering at dog rescue charities, appears to have a soft spot for underdogs in her business life as well.
“We like the weird businesses where there’s no sort of pure-play competitor peer that you can look at,” she said.
Four years after Aldrich shorted Treasury Wine Estates, the stock is still down 25 per cent from the $16-per-share price tag in 2019. Meanwhile, Aldrich’s love of shorts has only grown.
“The reason the short side is so interesting to me personally is when you have high conviction that you’re seeing the cracks in a short today, it tends to be quicker for that information to reach the broader investment community and result in a share price decline,” she says. “I think there is a bad habit going around of viewing volatility as risk. There’s risk in everything. Volatility is the opportunity.”
Angela Aldrich will join 10 other portfolio managers to speak at Sohn Hearts & Minds at the Sydney Opera House on November 17. All profits will support Australian medical research organisations. Tickets are available here.
The Australian Financial Review is a media partner for the event.
This article was originally posted by the The Australian Financial Review here.
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